Functions & Services to the Public 

Since its inception, WAEC has been responsible for the conduct of most of the national and international examinations at the pre-tertiary levels in Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone and The Gambia.  The national examinations are restricted to candidates of the specific country for which they are developed and they reflect local policies, needs and aspirations.  The international examinations, on the other hand, are meant for candidates in all the member countries in the context of regional co-operation.

In Ghana, The West African Examination Council conducts the terminal examinations for all pupils and students at the pre-tertiary levels of education.  The Council’s examinations also serve as selection tests for progression from one level to the other in the country’s educational structure up to the tertiary level. The results of the Council’s examinations are used for direct entry into all tertiary institutions in Ghana.

Initially candidates in Ghana and other West African Countries received tuition and instructions based on syllabuses that had been developed along the lines of the educational structures of the United Kingdom.  The WAEC was an agent for the conduct of the Ordinary Level and Advanced Level examinations of the General Certificates of Education of the University of London and the School Certificate and Higher School Certificate examinations of the Cambridge Examinations Syndicate in addition to the examinations of the Royal Society of Arts (RSA).

Over the years the Council has developed syllabuses that address the manpower requirements of its member countries and has completely taken over the conduct of examinations in collaboration with these external examining bodies.


(1) Major Examinations

The Ghana National Office of the Council conducts the following examinations

•  The West African Senior School Certificate Examinations for both school and private Candidates.

•  The Basic Education Certificate Examination.

•  The Business Certificate Examinations made up of the General and Advanced Business Certificate Examinations for both school and private candidates.

(2) Aptitude Tests

The Council administers customized aptitude tests upon request for the selection of applicants for

  • admission to training institutions
  • the award of scholarships
  • employment purposes

(3) Miscellaneous Examinations The Council  conducts various examinations on behalf of foreign professional examining bodies.

VERIFICATION AND CONFIRMATION OF RESULTSAnother function performed by the Council is the verification and confirmation of results, which is handled by the Records and Aptitude Tests Department (RATD). Various organizations, Embassies and educational institutions both local and international write to the Council for the verification and confirmation of results submitted by candidates.


The core business of the Council may be broadly classified as follows:

  1. Pre Examination activities
  2. Conduct of Examination
  3. Post Examination activities


These include:

  1. Syllabus development and review;
  2. Test development;
  3. Floating of examinations;
  4. Receipt of entries;
  5. Allocation of index numbers;
  6. Designation of centres;
  7. Printing and packaging of examination materials;
  8. Briefing of examination personnel;
  9. Distribution of examination materials.


  •  Administration of the Tests
  • Inspection of examination centres


These include:

  1. Collection of scripts from examination centres
  2. Co-ordination and marking of scripts
  3. Script checking
  4. Processing of marks
  5. Standard Fixing and Award activities
  6. Investigations into irregularities and malpractices
  7. Release of results
  8. Issue of Certificates

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