Who sets the examination questions?
Knowledgeable persons/experts/professionals in the subject areas are commissioned to set questions.
If setters are teachers, does this not give unfair advantage to their students who write the examinations?
No. Care is taken to ensure that candidates do not gain any advantage because their teachers are setters. First, the setters selected for an examination must not be teaching at the same level of the examination. Then each of them is made to write questions on a part of a question paper at a time. Through this, many questions which may build several alternatives of the same question paper are collected. These “raw questions” go through a process of editing, trial testing (where appropriate) and moderation before they qualify to be used. The moderated items from the many setters are then put into item banks from where the required number which satisfy the required specifications are selected to build a question paper. Often, by the time a question is selected, the setter will hardly recognise it as his/her own question.
How does one become an examiner?
To be a WASSCE, GBCE or ABCE examiner, one must have a University degree in the subject he/she wants to examine and must have taught the subject for at least three years. For a BECE examiner, the minimum academic qualification is the Post-Secondary Teachers’ Certificate.
Interested persons with the above qualification and experience must apply for the appointment on approved application forms which can be obtained from the Council’s website: www.waecgh.org
Completed application forms are received any time but appointment to be an examiner depends on vacancy for the position in the subject area of the applicant’s choice. One must however send in only one application since qualified persons who are not appointed in a particular year may be considered in subsequent years if there are vacancies.
How do you ensure that all examiners mark uniformly?
By the use of marking schemes. Examiners are trained on how to use the schemes (i.e. through coordination meetings).
During the marking exercises too, the scripts marked by the examiners are vetted by the Chief Examiners and Team Leaders to ensure that they keep to the marking schemes and standard of marking agreed on.
Are scripts from top schools marked with the same vigour as those from deprived schools?
Yes. All examiners are trained to use the marking schemes in the same way during marking. Also, the scripts are allocated randomly to the examiners. Furthermore, scripts are swapped from one region to another. Examiners who teach in deprived schools may thus mark scripts from top schools and vice versa. But, the scripts must be marked according to the agreed standard using the marking schemes and under the surveillance of Chief Examiners and Team Leaders.
What does the Council mean when it says that results of candidates have been withheld? How is this different from results that have been cancelled?
Results of candidates are said to be withheld when they have not been released by the Council even though the results of the examination have been officially released. This usually happens when those candidates are being investigated for their alleged involvement in examination malpractices. Their results are released as soon as the investigations are completed and decisions are taken on their cases.
In the case of cancelled results, a definite decision has been taken to declare the candidate’s performance in a subject or the entire examination null and void because the candidate engaged in a malpractice before, during or after the examination. The decision will be formally made to the candidate or his/her school authorities.
Why does the Council sometimes withhold the results of candidates who were not involved in examination malpractice?
The Council withholds the results of only candidates that it has reasonable grounds to suspect that they might have indulged in examination malpractices. Thorough investigations are then carried out and those found culpable are sanctioned accordingly. Those found to be innocent get their entire results released.
What does results pending mean?
Candidates with results pending do not have issues of examination malpractice. These candidates may have issues due to inaccurate candidate’s registration details etc. Such results will definitely be released after all necessary information have been obtained.
Why do leakages occur?
Because of greed in some people, people who do not want their wards or others to work for their certificates and also those who want to cheat the system for their own benefit. Such people exploit any weakness they may have detected in the security arrangement of the Council and leak the questions either to give unfair advantage to some persons known to them or to make some financial gains.
What is the Council doing to prevent leakages?
The Council has put in place measures to prevent examination leakage. It has fortified its systems and processes better and enhanced its security measures making it extremely difficult for examination leakage to occur. The Council is continuously sensitising its publics and stakeholders on the effects of malpractice and is urging all and sundry to join it to fight the canker of leakages in any examination.
What do I do if I am not satisfied with my results?
A candidate who is not satisfied with his/her results can appeal to the Council for re-marking. This can be done by the candidate him/herself if he/she writes any of the private candidates’ examinations or by the candidate’s school if he/she sits the examination as a school candidate.
Usually, the candidate or his/her school will be required to provide evidence for the need for the re-marking and also pay the requisite fee before the exercise is carried out. Requests for re-marking must be made within two months (60 days) of release of the results of the examination.
Why does WAEC fail some candidates?
WAEC as an institution does not pass any candidate nor fail any. The candidates pass or fail on their own and the Council only certifies them accordingly.
The purpose of examinations is to grade candidates according to their performance in it. Those who pass are graded as such and so also are those who fail.
Which schools qualify to present candidates for the BECE?
Public Junior High Schools and Private Junior High Schools approved by the GES.
How does a school register for the BECE?
The District Director of Education is responsible for the registration of all candidates in his/her district.
Can one re-sit the BECE?
Yes, a candidate can resit the BECE by registering for the BECE for Private Candidates
Who qualifies to take the BECE for Private Candidates?
The BECE for Private Candidates is open to Re-sitters and First-timers.
What is the procedure for the registration of BECE for private candidates?
Candidates are required to capture their fingerprints at internet cafes with the requisite equipment to begin registration. Candidates may continue the registration process any where on their own after capture of fingerprints. Without fingerprints of the bonafide candidate, the registration is null and void. The website for registration is www.waecgh.org.
Which schools qualify to present candidates for the WASSCE for School Candidates?
Public senior high schools and private senior high schools approved by the Ghana Education Service and WAEC.
How can my private school be accredited to present candidates for the WASSCE for School Candidates?
As a first step, the school should apply to the Ghana Education Service for inspection of the school. After satisfying the requirements, the school may be given authorisation to register candidates for WASSCE for School Candidates.
What are the registration fees for the examinations?
The registration fees vary from year to year and are made available on our website: www.waecgh.org
Can I effect corrections to my entries?
Yes, after submission of entries, candidates who wish to make any changes within the entry period except change of centre will be allowed subject to the payment of a penalty. Full details are available at www.waecgh.org.
How do I register to sit a foreign professional examination supervised by WAEC?
You have to contact either WAEC or the foreign examining body for the necessary guidelines.
I wish to introduce a foreign examination into the country. What conditions do I need to meet before WAEC would invigilate the examination?
You have to provide evidence that the examination is accredited in the country of origin and in Ghana.
Buy a scratch card and log on to www.waecgh.org.
When are certificates for any examination issued to candidates?
Certificates for all examinations are issued six (6) months after results of the examination are released.
Where do I collect my certificate?
The certificates for school candidates are sent to the schools which presented them for the respective examinations. Private candidates, on the other hand, personally collect their certificates from the Council’s office in the region where they wrote the examination. Candidates must complete an application form designed for that purpose. For those residing outside the country, the candidate has to nominate someone resident in Ghana to collect the certificate on his/her behalf.
This requires an authority note from the candidate, photocopies of his/her passport (including the visa) and a passport-sized photograph of the candidate. The person collecting the certificate will provide a valid ID.
Where can I get a Certificate Application form to complete?
Certificate Application Forms can be downloaded on the internet from the WAEC website: www.waecgh.org.
Do I have to pay for the collection of my certificate?
No. The fee for collecting certificates has been incorporated in the entry/registration fee for the examination. However, candidates are required to pay a token fee when they request for the certificates online.
Can my lost certificate be replaced?
No. Certificates are issued only once. However, candidates can request for the confirmation of their results to any institution for a fee. Candidates can also apply for Attestation of Results online at www.waecgh.org.
Does WAEC upgrade results?
No. There is nothing like results upgrade. Be wary of fraudsters who promise to change candidates’ results for a fee. These are scammers who only want to swindle people. It is illegal to engage with such fraudsters. Be mindful that universities and other institutions verify from WAEC results presented to them by candidates.
Why does WAEC insist on Index numbers and not name or other basic information for the collection of certificates, Attestation and Confirmation of results?
This is to secure candidates’ results. While names and date of birth of candidates may be the same, index numbers are generated by WAEC and are unique. Candidates are advised to keep their index numbers safe.
Does WAEC communicate with its candidates on social media platforms like Facebook, WhatsApp or Twitter?
WAEC has a Facebook account (@waecghanainfo) and a Twitter account (@waecghanainfo). The Council uses these platforms to send important information to its followers and answer their questions. Be mindful of fake website, Facebook and Twitter accounts. You can also send your emails to email@example.com.